10 Facts about Ancient Rome

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Ready for a journey back in time? Here at Nat Geo Kids, we’re about to get the lowdown on this amazing civilisation with our fab facts about the Romans!

Facts about the Romans

1) Rome was founded in 753BC by its first king, Romulus. It grew into a rich and powerful city during the next few hundred years.
2) By AD 117 the Roman Empire included the whole of Italy, all the lands around the Mediterranean and much of Europe, including England, Wales and parts of Scotland.
Did you know that we have a FREE downloadable Romans primary resource? Great for teachers, homeschoolers and parents alike!
3) Roman legend says that Romulus had a twin brother called Remus. As babies they were abandoned in the area which later became Rome. A she-wolf found and raised them, but when they grew up, Romulus fought and killed Remus and became the first ruler of Rome!
4) The Romans built such a huge empire and conquered new lands, thanks to their strong army. The Roman army could march up to 40km a day!
5) During battle, a Roman soldier or ‘legionary’ first hurled his spear at the enemy, then he fought him with his sword. To protect himself, he carried a wooden shield and wore a metal helmet and armour.
6) The Romans didn’t spend all their time fighting – they were amazing architects and engineers too! They built roads and walls – things we now take for granted.
7) To bring water to their cities, the clever Romans built aqueducts – a system of channels and bridges – to transport water for public baths and toilets!
8) The Romans liked to enjoy their food, often lying down on a couch while eating with their hands. They occasionally used a spoon, but they would never use a knife and fork. Rich Romans liked to eat exotic food, such as stork, roast parrot and even flamingo!
9) The Romans believed in gods and goddesses who ruled over different areas of life. For example, Neptune was the god of the ocean, and they prayed to him to protect them at sea. Temples were built to honour the gods, and people would visit them with offerings.
10) One of the most famous buildings left by the Ancient Romans is the Colosseum – a huge ampitheatre in the centre of Rome. This is where members of the public would come to watch sporting events and games, including battles between Roman gladiators!
11) Tunics – two pieces of woollen fabric sewn together at the sides and shoulders, with openings for your arms and head – were the most common clothes in Rome. Some Romans also wore togas – a kind of woollen shawl – to show how wealthy they were.

Comments

  1. I learnt that Rich Romans like to eat exotic food (food that not much people would rather prefer or eat) so unique food.

    ReplyDelete
  2. What I've learned:
    From this article, one of the facts I've learned was that the Romans loves food. So much, they don't use a spoon often. It surprised me because I definitely won't be able to not use a utensil while eating.

    - Sophie

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  3. The Romans didn’t spend all their time fighting, they were amazing architects and engineers too! They built roads and walls , things we now take for granted.

    That is amazing all i thought they did was fight

    -Shabir

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  4. Some people think that Romans are only soldiers that kill and steal but they are so much more than we think they are , Romans can be builders , architects and so much more
    Divinity

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  5. Some Romans wouldn't spend all their time fighting ; they were amazing architects and engineers too! They built road's and walls - things we use now.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Iv'e learnt that the roman empire was the strongest at the time. The legend is that the two brothers were abandoned and raised by a female wolf. Later Romulus killed his own brother to be the first ruler of Rome. Romans conquered new lands and built the Roman empire bigger.

    -Afelti_Lui

    ReplyDelete
  7. What I've learn't about the Romans is that they love eating there exotic food such as animals, like roast parrots, a flamingo, etc.
    I think that it's not that nice of the Romans eating animals because they belong in the forest flying, swimming and everything else they do.









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  8. I've learnt that The Romans built such a huge empire and conquered new lands, thanks to their strong army. The Roman army could march up to 40 km a day!

    - Kaho filimoehala

    ReplyDelete
  9. what I've Learn't is that, Roman legend says that Romulus had a twin brother called Remus. As babies they were abandoned within the area that later became Rome.

    ReplyDelete
  10. I've learned that the Colosseum was a huge amphitheater where members from the public would come to watch sports events and games,including battles between Roman gladiators!

    ReplyDelete

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